中国传统节日民俗有哪些文化和精神内涵

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中华民族历史悠久,源远流长。 在漫长的历史发展过程中,不仅形成了博大精深的民族文化,还诞生了各种各样的民族节日——春节、元宵节、清明节、端午节、七夕节、中秋节等。中秋节、重阳节等,这些节日历经岁月沧桑,凝聚着历代劳动人民的智慧和情感。 它们以深受群众喜爱的形式传承下来。 他们以丰富多彩的民俗文化让一代代华夏子孙陶醉和向往。 他们用既定的民间礼仪来修养和锤炼这个民族。 他们的品格和人格在欢乐祥和的气氛中弘扬了民族的美德和精神。 具有传承民族血脉和提升民族精神,强化民族文化记忆和心理认同,维护民族团结、社会和谐、家庭和睦,激发和释放情感,协调人与自然关系的价值。 这是任何文化形式的价值。 是不可替代的。

 

中华传统文化是我们民族生存之根、世界之魂、传承之基。 我国劳动人民世代创造和传承的传统节日文化可以说是最具活力、最有影响、最具民族特色和个性的文化。 它体现了中国传统文化的核心价值观,生动地展现了广大民众的精神世界。 “中国传统节日体现了中华民族的民族精神和情感,承载着中华民族的文化血脉和思想精髓,是维护民族团结、民族团结、社会和谐的重要精神纽带,是建设先进社会主义的宝贵资源。文化、资源”。 今天,我们要利用传统节日来弘扬中华传统文化。 我们不仅要倡导文明、和谐、喜庆、节俭的节日理念,充实丰富传统节日的内容和形式,更重要的是要深入挖掘传统节日文化。 内涵使广大群众了解传统节日的由来及其蕴含的文化精神,调动中国人民参与节日活动的积极性,形成保护精神家园的文化意识,使中华传统节日成为重要的节日。展示和传播民族优秀文化的阵地。 是弘扬和培育伟大民族精神的重要载体,成为满足人民精神文化生活需要的重要渠道。

中国传统节日的文化内涵博大精深、丰富多彩,主要体现在以下几个方面:

1、中国传统节日是农业文明的缩影,是我们的祖先追求天人合一的产物。

中国传统节日植根于农业社会的土壤,是农业文明的伴奏。 即节期的选择和设置是古人根据天气、物候、气候的周期性变化而制定的,都与特定的节气和农时相对应。 中国是世界上最早进入农业文明的古代国家之一。 早在先秦时期,人们就已经有了“国之大者在农”的观念,并且在长期的农耕生活中认识到,人类要生存,庄稼要丰收,他们必须观察和掌握天象(日月星辰的变化)、物象(动植物季节的变化)和气象(冷热雨雪的变化)及其规律。顺应天地运行的节奏和气候变化的规律,合理规划和安排农业生产和日常生活。 为了准确反映四时气温、降水、物候等方面的变化,指导人们的生产生活,古人根据太阳在黄道上的不同位置,确定了“二十四节气”。 。 一旦季节性节日确立,一些特殊的日期就变得突出。 作为农耕循环的接合点,它们受到先民的高度重视。 每当特定节气到来时,就会举行与该节气相对应的仪式和庆祝活动。 活动,这样,农耕周期也变成了庆典周期。 “‘节’是对一年的划分,将一年的渐进划分为竹节一样的间隔,将两个节气相遇的日期和时间定为交节,从而将意义改为节日。”

中国传统节日依靠自然节气的规律变化,充分体现了人们对自然节律的尊重,顺应自然顺序,懂得天地人“三才”的统一,追求和升华。 “天人合一”的理念。 。 中国传统节日的时间安排就像一条由自然节气生成、贯穿春夏秋冬的“文化链条”。 “四时节节相继到来。” 春天,大地变暖,万物复苏。 春节、元宵节、中和节、清明节等节日相继到来。 新年之际,人们与家人团聚,拜年,舞龙观灯,享受新年的到来; 他们还祭祖、尽孝、寻根、踏青、游玩、健身,在过年的同时畅想未来。 带着祝福,我准备以饱满的热情投入农耕播种。 炎热的夏天,端午节又到了。 人们戴艾采药辟邪避毒,祭奠屈原,包粽子河上赛跑,斗草送扇,回省探亲以度过炎热的夏季。并消除邪恶。 秋天到了,空气清新,桂花飘香,七夕节、中元节、中秋节、重阳节等即将到来。 沉浸在丰收喜悦中的人们以各种方式庆祝丰收、祭奠逝者、祈福吉祥,乞灵、放河灯、赏秋月、玩秋菊、登高等。高高地告别了青春。 严冬即将来临,吉祥雪花纷飞。 腊八节、小年、除夕是迎接它的最好方式。 人们忘却寒冷,扫除疫情,送灶祭祖,上街举行社火游行,高高兴兴团聚,熬夜到岁末,品味“田增、粮增、米增”的喜悦。民增年”。 和谐有序、错落有致的四时庆典,体现了人与自然的和谐互动。

中国传统节日的设置也体现了休闲与农忙安排的不同特点。 从全年节日分布来看,冬春淡季,节日安排较多,节日活动内容丰富,持续时间相对较长; 而在农忙的夏秋季节,节日安排相对较少。 节日较少,节日内容和时间也相对较短。 例如,春节是中华民族最盛大的传统节日,是一年中规模最大、时间最长、内容最丰富的节日,安排在冬春季节的农闲季节。 这种安排无疑是农业社会的缘故。 只有冬去春来的农闲时节,辛苦了一年的人们才能休息、玩乐,才有充足的时间祭神拜祖、与家人团聚。

四时节日的娱乐、庆典、烹调、饮食等也都是适时的、按季节设计、按季节生产的。 比如春节期间放鞭炮、扭秧歌、跑旱船、打社火、演九曲、逛庙会,确实能给人们在寒冷的冬天增添不少激情和欢乐; 清明节踏青、秋千、放风筝,都是因为大地回春,万物复苏,万物翠绿,充满生机。 正是人们沉浸在大自然之中,欣赏明媚春光的好时节。 端午赛马正值江南水乡的汛期尚未到来,但气温已经很高,适合玩水。 这是一个吉祥的时刻; 中秋节家人团聚,拜月、拜月、赏月。 当湿气退去,尘埃未起,空气清新,天高云淡,月圆时,可以说是“花团圆圆月圆”的最佳时机。 重阳节正是登高望远、赏菊、吃宴的好时节。 时值深秋。 秋风渐强,寒意渐浓,枝头沾满霜,云淡山青。 适合人们登高秋游,锻炼筋骨,陶冶性情,享受满满的秋意。 此外,烹饪食物的多样性还体现了春夏秋冬、昼夜等不同的特点。 夏秋两季是各种水果成熟的季节,因此每逢中秋、重阳等节日,桃子、苹果、石榴、葡萄等各种颜色的水果就成为人们餐桌上的主角。桌子; 冬春季节,猪、羊、鸡、鸭的肉质肥美,所以每逢春节、元宵节等节日,各种丰盛的肉类就成了人们的最爱。 端午节期间,粽叶飘香,自然香的粽子就成了“中秋时节,秋风吹蟹腿痒”,于是螃蟹就成了最受欢迎的中秋佳肴。可见,传统节日中的娱乐、饮食等诸多节日民俗与自然保持着和谐、协调的关系。

“如果说有些民族的节日制度是以宗教纪念日为基础的话,那么我们民族的传统节日就和其他一些民族有很大的不同。 我们民族传统节日的重要特点就在于,这些节日是以协调我们与自然的关系为核心而建立的。”中国传统节日表达了我国各族人民的自然生活节奏和独特的审美心理。他们顺应时代、放松心情,体现了先秦以来历代人们的社会影响,在生活实践中不断认识、改造自然,追求“天人合一”的理想境界。

2、中国传统节日是中华文化的重要载体,体现了中华文化的丰富性和多样性。

自古而来的中国传统节日,“由自然韵律而形成,富有人文精神”。 随着时间的推移和中华文明的发展,传统节日不断受到多种社会文化因素的丰富和渗透,包括民俗的嵌入、宗教活动的影响、历史人文的积淀、反映民族智慧、情感、生活习惯。 融合等,节日内容不断充实丰富。 例如介子推得功不受赏的传说就与寒食节有关,爱国诗人屈原、忠臣伍子胥、孝女曹娥的传说则与寒食节有关。端午节、牛郎织女鹊桥相会的爱情传说都与七夕节等有关。又如春节,源于古代的“十二月节”。 腊月初八,祖先们用五谷杂粮熬腊八粥,祭祀祖先、祭祀神灵。 这就是古代“十二月节”的开始。 后来佛教传入中国,各大寺庙为纪念释迦牟尼成道日而准备腊八粥,与古代“腊八节”习俗融为一体,形成了吃腊八粥的民间习俗。 中国传统节日以其广泛的包容性,不断融合、积累、丰富、发展,使之成为丰富多彩的文化形式,成为最能体现民族文化的“多元棱镜”。 它能体现中华民族特有的风俗礼仪、民间信仰、伦理道德、人文情趣、审美情趣、文学艺术、饮食服饰……由此可知,中国的传统节日是从共同的需要中积累而形成的。人们的生活中,以传统的礼仪、仪式、娱乐等为重要内容和方式,并利用相应的物质载体,在特定的时空关系中表达思想。 这是信仰、道德、理想等公共团体活动的日子。

中国传统节日的文化艺术形式多种多样。 如果按照性质和内容来分类,中国传统节日可分为:生产节日、祭祀节日、纪念节日、喜庆节日、社交娱乐节日、辟邪治病节日等。 各种节日虽然围绕着独特的主题举办,但在继承和发展的过程中,不断推出新的内容和形式。 节日往往包括各种性质的民俗活动。 因此,我国的传统节日如春节、清明节、端午节、重阳节等大多是综合性的,通常由多种节日主题和多种民俗活动组成。 丰富的内容也让这些节日承载着更丰富的意义。 文化内涵。

中国传统节日文化是一个内容丰富、体系完整的体系,主要包括精神文化层面、行为文化层面和物质文化层面。 它们相互作用、相互依托,形成了博大精深的中华节日文化的独特魅力。

1、精神文化层面

中国传统节日凝聚了我国几千年文明的丰富内涵,体现了中华民族优秀的精神面貌,寄托了历代中华儿女的理想情怀,蕴含着人们对美好生活的不懈追求、感恩与报恩。对自然。 敬畏,对家庭团聚、人间和谐的永恒期盼。 每个传统节日都有其特定的文化内涵和价值:春节是由原始农业社会庆祝丰收的“十二月节”演变而来。 它崇拜神灵和祖先,表达对自然和祖先的感激之情; 辞旧迎新。 、合家团圆,这是每年春节的主题。 春节期间的一系列仪式礼仪不仅使人们的生活丰富多彩,而且体现了以人为本、人与自然和谐共处,体现了自尊、自爱、自信、自强不息,突出团聚、和谐、平安。 ,对快乐的精神追求。 清明节期间,人们通过扫墓祭祖,祭奠英雄烈士,表达哀悼和敬意。 这体现了中国人民认真追梦、尊祖报根、热爱亲情、友爱的道德情操。 它还包括对祖先的感激和对血统的尊重。 认识到责任; 踏青、踏青体现了中国人悲而不悲、喜而不淫的豁达心态和回归自然、热爱生活、追求天人合一的理想生活状态。 人们在端午节纪念屈原,体现了追求爱国爱民、清高自足、出类拔萃的理想人格的传统价值观; 悬挂艾草和菖蒲,采集草药和药物,了解祖先在驱邪避毒的同时,遵循自然规律应对灾难。 生命智慧传递着人民对生命健康、家庭幸福、国家富强的渴望; 赛龙舟体现了团结、协作、争先的精神。 中秋节期间,家人团聚,吃月饼,赏月,共叙亲情,体现了中国人民对家庭团圆、生活安宁、幸福未来的追求。

2、行为文化层面

中国传统节日是各种民俗活动和民间艺术集中展示的平台。 这个平台汇聚了祭祀、礼仪、表演、技能、艺术、体育、游戏等丰富多彩的行为文化,形成一道亮丽的风景线。 春节作为中华民族的第一个重大节日,是各种民俗活动的高潮。 自古以来,祭祀和庆典仪式就十分丰富。 就祭祀而言,春节祭祀活动很早就形成了两大祭祀文化传统:一是为表达对大自然恩赐的感谢而举行的祭祀仪式,如祭灶神,这是一种贡品。利用炉火的力量来燃烧食物; 祭祀大地神,是为了换取大地母亲繁衍万物; 祭祀井神、河神,是对生命之水的感恩之情; 对待和祭祀牛、马、鸡等各种家畜,是对帮助人类生存和发展的动物表示感激之情。 这些祭祀是中国人每年一次与自然沟通对话的方式和渠道,是他们对与自然和谐统一的虔诚追求的体现。 二是祭祀本族先贤、祖先。 精益求精的祭祖情怀,是中华文明的重要根源。 春节这个举世瞩目的日子,家家户户都要举行盛大的祭祖活动。 宗族父母带领子孙虔诚祭拜祖先,感恩恩德,祈福。 他的“天灵保佑子孙”,表达了对子孙的承诺和安慰。 这充分体现了中华民族饮水不忘本、不忘本的传统精神。 春节期间的社交娱乐活动更是丰富多彩:团圆、熬夜、贴春联、剪窗花、挂年画、放鞭炮、拜年长辈、走亲访友、逛庙会等。人们在释放内心情感、满足心理需求、体味人间温暖、享受新年喜悦中诠释、传承、创造中华民族的节日文化,净化和增进亲情和友谊。 春节也是民间艺术和技艺的盛大展示。 在中华民族的悠久历史中,我们的祖先发明和创造了说、唱、演、游戏、竞技、杂耍等数千种形式和品种的游戏、艺术、体育活动。春节有:社火、戏曲、舞蹈、秧歌、高跷、旱船、舞龙、耍狮、耍猴、杂技、武术、跳绳、荡秋千、烟花、花灯巡游、评书、评书等。这些丰富多彩的活动不仅极大地丰富了春节的文化内容和品位,也将春节的喜庆气氛推向了高潮,让大家享受到了这身心的愉悦、精神上的放松。 正如有学者所说:“举世欢庆的春节,确实是对平凡日常生活的超越,是中华民族的集体生日,是最东方的狂欢节。” 此外,围绕年文化的神话传说和历代文人墨客创作的民间故事、诗词歌赋,以及有关节日的民歌俗语等,也蕴藏着深厚的文化内涵和丰富的民族精神。 。

3、物质文化水平

在传统节日文化体系中,看得见、摸得着的物质文化也非常丰富,包括四时芬芳的时令美食、各种装饰品、吉祥物以及大自然赐予的花草树木等。 这些材料载体通常具有多种功能。 它们不仅能满足人们在节日期间的某些生理需求、社交需求、审美需求、装饰需求等,而且以其独特的象征意义和丰富的文化内涵满足人们的回避需求。 驱邪、祈福、获得幸福生活、健康平安等各种美好的心理希望和精神愿望。

传统节日中的许多美食都有一定的象征意义:除夕夜吃饺子也被称为“饺子”。 饺子与“饺子”谐音,有“辞旧迎新”和“团圆快乐”之意; 饺子的形状像元宝,所以也有“招财进宝”的意思。 过年我们吃年糕,因为年糕谐音“年糕”,寓意“年年事事顺利”。 年夜饭桌上的美食也很有讲究。 炒青菜是每个家庭的必备饭菜,寓意“亲密、温馨”; 吃豆芽,因为豆芽同“如意”,有“吉祥如意”之意。 上面肯定有鱼,但要注意不要一下子吃完,有“财源广进”之类的意思。 此外,元宵节吃元宵、汤圆,象征着家庭团聚、和睦幸福; 端午节吃粽子,纪念爱国诗人屈原; 中秋节赏月、吃月饼,寓意“天上圆月,人间团圆”,共享天伦之乐; 重阳节吃重阳糕,有万事兴高的意思。 美味的节日食品充满美好的寓意,体现了中华儿女朴素、高尚的精神追求。

字画摆件、植物花卉等传统节日用品大多是相互联系的。 人们用物品来表达感情,巧妙地利用各种物质符号来传达丰富的文化信息和复杂的心理情感。 例如,春节期间,民间有在门窗上贴“福”字的习俗。 “福”字含有“幸福”、“福气”、“吉祥”等含义,表达了人们对幸福生活的向往和对美好未来的期盼。 追求。 为了更充分地体现这种向往和追求,很多地方的人们干脆将“福”字倒贴,利用“福”字倒过来的谐音来表达“福气到了”的意思。 春联是由桃符字发展而来的,字简意深,对比工整,平仄协调。 他们用汉字与中国书法完美结合的艺术形式,表达了所有人对生命、生活的赞美和祝愿。 年画由门神画演变而来,内容有历史故事、神话小说、民间故事、民间生活等题材。 真可谓“画中有戏,百看不厌”。 “五福”、“五谷”等年画,蕴含着对生活的各种美好祝愿。 甚至自然界的一些植物花卉,在传统节日的特定语境下也具有无穷的精神内涵和文化魅力。 春节期间,人们用高贵脱俗的水仙花来象征新一年的吉祥; 迎风绽放的梅花,象征着新年的吉祥。 旧时有春联云:“梅花开五福,竹声三福”。 清明节期间,人们挂柳树; 端午节期间,人们挂艾草、菖蒲。 这些特定的植物成为人们辟邪、辟邪、保佑平安的使者。 重阳节,盛开的菊花以其傲霜、抗寒的性格,令人陶醉,抒发情感。

3、中国传统节日是民族精神的体现,蕴含着中华民族的传统美德。

随着农业文明的产生和演变,中国传统节日充分体现了协调人与自然关系的“天人合一”的文化精神。 同时,传统节日在长期流行和发展过程中,由于蕴含着历代人们共同的理想和精神追求,不断吸收和融合儒、释、道等各种有益的文化元素。 。 因此,中国传统节日体现了中华民族的民族精神和思想精髓,蕴含着值得弘扬的中华传统美德,包括:

1、热爱生命、追求健康的人文精神

天地之间,以人为尊,人为中心,人为主导,人追求与万物和谐。 这就是我们传统文化的以人为本的精神和基调。 在年复一年、周复一周、代代相传的传统节日中,人始终是节日的主体。 节日活动的内容主要是满足人们的需要,和谐自然与人的关系,展示人们的才艺,进行人际交往。 每逢节日,人们或与家人团聚,庆祝交流,或走亲访友,会见男女,或祭祀祖先,纪念先贤,或结伴出行,踏青赏月,或敬礼。扶老济幼,扶贫济困……,在普天同庆、和谐的喜悦中,追求人与自然、人与人的和谐。 人最宝贵的是生命。 中国的每一个传统节日都体现了对生命的热爱和对健康的追求。 几乎每个节日都有群众性的文化体育活动:春节、舞龙狮、高跷、秧歌; 清明节,春游,荡秋千,放风筝; 端午节、赛龙舟、户外秋游; 许多节日还有避邪瘟疫、追求健康的元素,如除夕除夕、清明插柳、戴柳等。端午节挂艾喝雄黄酒,重阳节佩茱萸喝菊花酒等,人们在“平安吉祥”的美好祝福中,享受着节日的喜悦,谱写着生命的赞歌。 “健康和快乐”。

2、尊祖、孝顺、尊老、爱幼的传统美德

中华民族对祖先历来有着极其深厚的感情。 《礼记》云:“亲亲则敬祖,亲则敬祖”。 “仁、义”、“孝”是中华民族传统道德的核心,而孝的基本内容是:父慈,子孝,兄弟兄弟,朋友兄弟恭敬, and this extends to respecting the elderly and loving the young. The feeling of being careful about the end and looking forward to the future has become an important root of Chinese civilization. During every festive season, ancestors must be worshiped devoutly to express filial piety and memory for their ancestors. The Spring Festival, Qingming Festival, Hungry Ghost Festival, etc. all have rituals and contents for worshiping ancestors. In the worship and memorial, the gratitude and sense of responsibility of future generations are nurtured. Respect for the elders and pampering for young children are also reflected in festival activities. During the Spring Festival, we pay New Year greetings to the elders, send them delicious gifts, give priority to the seating of the elders at festival banquets, and toast and bless the elders. ; The Double Ninth Festival, with its important content of praying for blessings and longevity, has become a nationally mandated “Old Man’s Day” since 1989. Respecting and loving the elderly has become the new theme of the festival. Children and young children are the favorites of festivals. During the Spring Festival, the elders give “New Year’s money”, and the younger ones drink Tusu wine. During the Dragon Boat Festival, children are painted with realgar, wear sachets, and carry mugwort; during the Mid-Autumn Festival, children love “Rabbit Man”. , “Meteor Fragrance Ball”, etc. These customs entrust people’s blessings and expectations for future generations.

3. Hard-working, brave, vigorous and promising self-improvement spirit

The Chinese nation is an industrious and courageous nation with a vigorous and enterprising spirit of constant self-improvement. This national characteristic and national spirit has always been the driving force for the Chinese nation to work hard and develop vigorously. It is reflected in all aspects of people’s lives and in festival culture. There are also outstanding appearances in . Traditional Chinese festivals are the best time for people to show off their hard work, wisdom and talents. “The Lantern Festival’s Lantern Festival displays all kinds of whimsical ideas and exquisite craftsmanship. The temple fair is filled with hundreds of operas and hundreds of arts, which are dizzying. Literati can chant poems in couplets, and village girls can also sing antiphons on the spot. Liu Sanjie can’t Losing to the sour scholar. The lantern riddle contest makes people rack their brains. The paper-cutting of the window grilles is vivid and expressive. The younger daughter fights with grass to compete with plant knowledge. The swing rises and falls, the kite flies into the clouds, the Kongming lantern rises into the sky, and the lotus lantern enters the water. Each has its own victory. The beauty of Qixi Festival is to become a girl with skillful hands.” These colorful folk customs fully reflect the enterprising spirit of Chinese descendants who are vigorous, self-respecting and self-reliant. It is this spirit that makes the Chinese nation indomitable and pioneering. Be enterprising and move forward courageously.

4. Carry forward patriotic feelings of justice and concern for the country and the people

The Chinese nation is a nation that values ​​reason. In its long historical development, it has developed a national integrity that upholds justice and a broad-based sentiment of caring about the country and the people. Among traditional Chinese festivals, many are related to national integrity and patriotic traditions, especially Tomb-Sweeping Day and Dragon Boat Festival. The Cold Food Festival integrated into the Qingming Festival originated from commemorating the legendary loyal minister Jie Zitui of the Jin Dynasty. Jie Zitui took no credit and lived in seclusion in Mianshan. He would rather be burned to death. At the cost of his own life, he prayed for the people and advised the king to self-research and self-reflection, and to be diligent and clear in government. People designate the day when Jie Zitui suffered a calamity as the Cold Food Festival. Fireworks are prohibited and only cold food is eaten on this day every year to commemorate it. While celebrating the Cold Food Festival, people also praise and promote Jie Zitui’s righteousness from generation to generation. The Dragon Boat Festival commemorates the great patriotic poet Qu Yuan. He searched high and low in order to serve the country with loyalty. He was framed repeatedly and died unjustly. In order to pay tribute to Qu Yuan, the people formed the custom of racing dragon boats and eating rice dumplings during the Dragon Boat Festival. Qu Yuan’s patriotic spirit of caring about the country and the people has been continuously carried forward through the Dragon Boat Festival in the festival activities year after year.

5. The psychological pursuit of beauty, unity, harmony, peace and auspiciousness

“Harmony” means harmony and unity, and “beauty” means beauty and reunion. The value of beauty, unity and harmony are one of the basic spirits of our country’s traditional culture. Traditional Chinese festivals contain rich concepts of harmony. The origin of the festival is the product of our ancestors’ organic combination of the natural time process and the rhythm of social life, embodying the concept of “harmony between man and nature”; various entertainment activities in the festival, Interpersonal interactions, dietary arrangements, etc. all reflect the harmony between man and nature, the harmony between man and society, and the harmony between man and man. On New Year’s Eve, families get together to make dumplings. The words “harmony” and “合” in making noodles are homophonic, and the round dumpling wrappers symbolize reunion. The “New Year’s greetings” activity during the Spring Festival eliminates barriers and enhances unity between relatives, friends and neighbors. It can be said that “a congratulations and each other’s grudges are eliminated.” During the Lantern Festival, the whole family sits together and eats glutinous rice dumplings, which also expresses people’s wish for a reunited, harmonious and happy life. During the Chinese Valentine’s Day, the poignant legend of the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl interprets the everlasting love of the Chinese people so beautifully and romantically. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, reunion and harmony between family and country are the eternal longing and pursuit of the Chinese nation. On the Double Ninth Festival, climbing high and eating cakes embodies people’s good wishes for health and longevity and achieving higher and higher realms in life.

4. Chinese traditional festivals are the condensation of national emotions and an important spiritual link to enhance national cultural identity, maintain national unity, ethnic unity and social harmony.

Chinese traditional festivals not only contain excellent national spirit, but also embody rich national sentiments and are an important way of sustenance for people’s spiritual emotions. The general public has common ideals and desires to pursue abundant harvests, prosperity, peace and harmony, a happy life, joy and auspiciousness, health and longevity. These psychological demands are constantly expressed and released through celebrating traditional festivals and through festive etiquette and customs. The most beautiful yearning of the people is the closeness and harmony in the world, and what they most hope to enjoy is the warmth of harmony and family affection. As a node of cultural life, traditional festivals are the best time for people to express and express their inner emotions. The emotions contained in festivals are extremely rich, including gratitude to all things in nature and gratitude to ancestors; remembrance of martyrs and saints, and attachment to homeland; respect and love for parents and elders. There is also the feeling of involvement between brothers and sisters; there is not only the mutual help of neighbors, but also the friendship of friends and colleagues. Through various festival rituals such as worshiping ancestors, paying New Year’s greetings, visiting relatives, and getting together, these beautiful human emotions are conveyed, making traditional festivals transcend the boundaries of time and space and always play the role of gathering national emotions, harmonizing interpersonal relationships, and promoting social harmony. Because traditional festivals are cyclical, national, mass, and comprehensive, this function has been continuously strengthened.

Chinese traditional festivals are a national enhancement of national culture and national memory, and are a chain that continues national character and enhances national identity. The customs of traditional festivals have been inherited, developed and integrated over thousands of years of history, forming unique national characteristics. These festivals transcend the boundaries of region, class, race and even era. Whether they are official or private, whether they are dignitaries or ordinary people, they all celebrate and enjoy the same day. As the saying goes: “If you have money or not, go home and celebrate the New Year.” Every time before the Spring Festival, Chinese people return home like migratory birds. Most people, no matter where they are, have to embark on the road home to reunite and spend New Year’s Eve together. Even overseas Chinese, during traditional festivals, they will think of themselves as descendants of the Yan and Huang Dynasties, and when celebrating the festival, they will infinitely yearn for the motherland. There are tens of millions of Chinese across the five continents of the world, as well as more and more industrialists and overseas students going abroad. Wherever they settle, they bring the custom of “Celebrating the New Year” with them, and when “Celebrating the New Year”, they will The feelings of homesickness, longing for relatives, yearning for return, praying for reunion, and the friendship between people and nations are expressed to the extreme. In the atmosphere of rich traditional festival culture, the sense of national identity will come unexpectedly and coincidentally. Overseas Chinese also attach great importance to the Qingming Festival. During the Qingming Festival, a large number of overseas Chinese return to their country to worship their ancestors and the ancestors of their own nation. Every year, tens of thousands of overseas Chinese come to the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor and Xuanyuan Temple in Qiaoshan, Shaanxi to worship the ancestor of China, the Yellow Emperor Xuanyuan. In the solemn atmosphere and in the ceremony of remembering their ancestors, they accepted the influence of national culture and the humanistic spirit, maintaining the blood connection and heart-to-heart connection between the descendants of Yan and Huang. Traditional festivals allow the elements of traditional national culture to penetrate into everyone’s mind and manifest themselves in all areas of social life. In the baptism of the repeated Chinese festival culture, the entire nation condenses and maintains national emotions, tempers and solidifies the national personality, and cultivates and carry forward the national spirit, strengthen and publicize the national image.

Chinese traditional festivals are important spiritual ties that maintain national unity, consolidate national unity, and promote cultural exchanges and integration of various ethnic groups. Our country is a country composed of 56 ethnic groups. Each ethnic group has its own traditional festivals, but some of the larger traditional festivals of the Han people are also festivals shared by many ethnic minorities. For example, most of the ethnic minorities such as Manchu, Korean, Li, Naxi, Dong, Maonan, Dahaner, Lahu, Xibe, and Bai, like the Han people, list the Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, and Double Ninth Festival as The festival of one’s own nation. Especially the Spring Festival, it has now become a common festival for almost all ethnic groups in our country. Each ethnic minority celebrates traditional festivals in their own way, which reflects the fine tradition of “harmony in diversity” in Chinese culture. In celebrating traditional festivals together, people of all ethnic groups have effectively promoted the exchange and integration of national cultures, consolidated the great unity of the nation, and enhanced the centripetal force and cohesion of the Chinese nation.

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